CII released a whitepaper titled The Indian Cloud Revolution alongside KPMG and Amarchand Mangaldas & Shroff as knowledge partners this week.
Cloud computing allows storage of data and access to software on a pay-per-use model, helping companies cut costs as they do not have to invest in infrastructure.
The whitepaper emphasises that any cloud policy will have to take into account the data sovereignty and governance considerations and study the worldwide global practices relating to resolving jurisdictional conflicts. It highlights that from the data security perspective, the cloud’s fluid architecture presents the biggest challenge and may require an amendment in the current laws to harmonise jurisdictional conflict issues and may provide clear prescriptions on the security measures to be adopted. It also highlights that changes will also be required in the organisational security practices that provide for regular review/audit of critical cloud infrastructure.
CII director general Chandrajit Banerjee: “Globally, the adoption of cloud has increased over the years, and growing at a rapid pace. Cloud can drive the inclusive growth agenda by providing platform to scale the reach of education, healthcare, financial services, entrepreneurship and governance among other areas. This whitepaper evaluates the opportunities and challenges that is faced in India’s roadmap for cloud adoption.
“CII believes that Cloud Computing as a disruptive technology and business model offers an accelerator approach for economic growth as it connects people to data, information and computing resources anywhere and anytime.”
The cloud provides public agencies with distinct advantages to meet new ‘open’ government requirements. Cloud services make available an environment that provides government agencies with access to a shared pool of easily usable computing resources (such as hardware and software). Government bodies across India currently operate with moderate to low level of IT involvement – many departments having undertaken computerisation in the past decade.
The cloud has the potential to transform not only business ecosystem but also day to day challenges of Indian citizens, including necessary services such as healthcare and education. The initiatives by the government with the enabling support of industry will facilitate cloud adoption in India.
The policy will also have to reconcile the most suitable mechanism to enable law enforcement agencies to collect and analyse personal and electronic data as per the existing laws. The manner of access, format of storing and providing information, retention period, content regulation and regular reporting will all have to be considered within such policy.
Infrastructure development will be a key government initiative that will provide the land, power, technology and human resource to establish India as a data management hub. Currently, India lags behind developed countries in terms of established data centres operating in the country. Economic benefits of having data management centres in the country are huge and the cloud policy will have to provide a clear vision to enable such an outcome.
Cloud with its ability to provide quick and easy provisioning of IT resources will help accelerate growth in the SME segment and generate employment.